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Toxaemia and toxins are words commonly used in the Natural Hygiene field but many people are still in ignorance of what they are and what they imply. |
In order to understand these two words, it is necessary to understand the function of the body as a whole and also that of each individual cell, of which there are billions and trillions going to form the body.
Now the two main functions of all cells are to nourish themselves by appropriating food from their surroundings and to discard their own waste by a process of excretion.
When the cells are in full vigour and activity, this process of excretion goes on quite regularly without any outward symptoms of an obvious nature. As long as the cell has the energy and vitality, its function of nutrition and excretion goes on harmoniously.
But as soon as the energy and vitality of the cell or cells is sapped, a process which is called Enervation (and which can be attributed to many causes), then, like the wheel which has stopped revolving and begins to gather dust, the process of excretion or elimination is suspended or sometimes even completely stopped, and then the accumulation and retention of these waste products take place in the cell. This is the true constant.
This autogenous self-generated poisoning is what we call Toxaemia.
Every act of every cell in the body produces waste. This waste is poisonous, it is incompatible with the life of the cell. Just as the gradual acumulation of alcohol in a mass of fermenting material (e.g. yeast cells) reaches a state of concentration that kills the bacteria that produce the alcohol, so the accumulation of the normal cellular waste in the liquid medium reaches a certain concentration that kills the cells that give it off.
When a piece of human tissue is cultured in a flask, a volume of liquid equal to two thousand times its own volume is required to prevent it from being poisoned in a few days from the accumulation of its own waste, metabolites; Alexis Carrel, the well-known physiologist, proved this time and again.
The cells and tissues of the intact organism (e.g., the human body) have the same need for a pure medium but, due to the marvellous ability of the circulatory system in circulating the body's fluids, i.e. the lymph and blood, and of the lungs, liver and kidneys, with some help from the bowels and skin in excreting the waste, the cells of the body are able to live in a fluid medium of but six to seven quarts. Were the tissues of the average man reduced to small fragments and cultivated in flasks (a la Alexis Carrel's experiments) these would require approximately 52,835 gallons of fluid in which to live. Even then, in time, unless the fluids were changed at intervals, the accumulation of waste would reach a concentration that would kill the tissue fragments.
The cells throw their waste into the lymph that carries it back to the blood. The blood takes the waste to the excretory organs mentioned above for elimination.
Normal elimination keeps the blood and lymph clean. Toxaemia is hence the aftermath of Enervation.
Enervation in brief is the sum total of all our expenditures of nerve energy involved in our day to day living. When the sum of our daily expenditure is greater than we can or than we do recuperate daily, we become enervated. When an enervated individual is saturated with toxins, any additional enervating influence that puts an added check to elimination will cause the toxaemia to be pushed above the point of toleration, and will precipitate a crisis, a process of compensatory elimination through channels whose main work is not elimination, e.g., en mucous membranes (colds, catarrh, inflammation and skin eruptions).
Now what about the word Toxin? Many have asked, "But what are the toxins? What is their chemical nature, if any, and where are they in the body if the elimination is poor?" We all know that a certain amount of food is needed for the process of nutrition to go on in the living cell. As human beings we supply this food by what we eat and drink.
However, the most wholesome of the food has to be broken down into simpler constituents by the body. Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, all these have to be oxidised to irreducible minimum of carbon dioxide, water, nitrogen, sulphur or phosphorus, which will then pass out of the system being comparatively innocuous.
When there is incomplete breakdown of these foods, substances that are highly incompatible with life are formed, known as organic acids (they are pyruvic, lactic, acetic, oxalic, ketoglutaric, succinic, citric, malic, fumaric, etc., acids). The kidneys void urea, uric acid, creatine, creatinine, ammonia, fatty acids, sugar, carbonates and free carbonic acids, etc., all of which are incompatible with life and must be thrown off.
It must be noted at this point that there is a great structural and functional difference between 'elimination' and 'voiding'. Elimination is the release of toxins from all the tissue cells of the entire body into the bloodstream and lymphatic system. It is accomplished by developed differences in the electric polarity of the cell and nuclear membranes resulting in osmotic pressure changes and cell permeability. These complex electrical phenomena cannot be accelerated by man through any means except by a total physical and physiological rest allowing the nerve energy to be restored.
Voiding is the release from the body of eliminated tissue poisons through the bladder, lungs, skin and bowels. These latter organs are repositories for the primary poisons ejected by the tissues.
As to where are the toxins? Natural Hygiene practitioners have pointed out two places where toxins find a resting place.
One the intercellular liquid media, namely the lymph and the connective tissues, together with fat deposits, and two, the bloodstream itself. Recent experiments have proved the validity of this theory.
That the human bloodstream is a reservoir of toxic wastes in unhealthy human beings has been the cry of Natural Hygienists but always denied by the orthodox physicians. There is, however, an article in 'Science' magazine, November 1947, by Melvin H. Kinsely and others captioned 'Sludged Blood', which substantiates and confirms this Natural Hygienic theory about the toxicity of the blood. This research covered a period of 16 years and was conducted by a group of physiologists and pathologists.
It starts as follows: "This paper constitutes a brief introduction to a series of observations made mostly with microscopes in living animals and men, which leads to a more precise understanding of a variety of mechanisms, whereby injuries and diseases damage the human body. It is felt that these observations clarify a group of fundamental ideas, explain many old experiments, and make the solution simple. The observations also permit, and we think, necessitate a subdivision and reclassification, a much simplified and, for guiding investigations, a more useful classification of many of the currently known pathologic mechanisms of the diseases of animals and men.
Our purpose is to present and define certain properties of normal blood, blood flow and vessel walls; to offer evidence that these properties are necessary to the normal functioning of the circulatory system; to describe certain visible pathogenic structures and processes; and to define goals now necessary for therapeutics."
It goes on to tell of extensive experimentation and how they were able to watch with binocular microscopes the blood as it flowed through the membranes of the eye in both living animals and men.
They say further: "The circulating red cells not only were not agglutinated (united with glue) but tended to repel each other slightly. In carefully handled tissues, red cell rouleaux (rolls of cells resembling piles of coins) were not present. The normal red blood cells were not coated with any microscopically visible protein precipitate. The fact that they show no tendency to adhere to each other in view is evidence that they are not coated with any very thin, transparent, or otherwise invisible sticky precipitate.
These observations are in strict agreement with those of many previous investigations.
'No white cells or erythrocytes (red cells) stuck to the inner surfaces of the walls of small vessels. The inner surfaces of the linings of normal vessels were smooth and clean'.
'The flow of the unagglutinated blood was laminar or streamlined.'
'In small arteries and veins the blood cells were in an axial steam and around them was a peripheral concentric layer of plasma. The cells of the stream were arranged in concentric laminae, the centre one passing along most rapidly and each additional layer passing more slowly than the one inside it. The wall of each lamina of this system consisted of unagglutinated blood cells; each layer was exactly one red cell thick (film recorded).
This arrangement of unagglutinated blood cells in fluid plasma is a necessary part of the highest degree of good health, as the next succeding paragraphs show. The rates of flow of blood through each tissue of each organ of the body set the maximum rate at which the cells of that tissue can receive blood borne materials.
For this discussion the most important of these is oxygen. It is necessary to all cells of the body, it is not stored in the body, and even slight local oxygen deficits are known to begin to upset many factors of physiology.'
They describe healthy, normal blood, its rate of flow, and they also describe blood vessel walls. They say that no blood seeped through the vessel walls.
Continuing, they say: 'In about 600 unanaesthetised human patients, diagnosed by practising physicians as having a wide variety of pathologic conditions and diseases, we have seen the blood cells agglutinated into masses (not rouleaux); this changed the blood from its relatively fluid state, to a circulating sludge.'
Then follows a list of more than 50 diseases that afflicted the above mentioned patients. It was then that 'all these people had sludged blood'. Also that in 23 pregnancies that had pathologic complications, 22 had sludged blood.
I quote: 'Thus far, completely unagglutinated blood has been only in strictly healthy animals and men. Mild degrees of intravascular agglutination have been seen in many laboratory workers, students and colleagues in the Chicago area where sinusitis of various degrees of severity and other afflictions of the upper respiratory system are endemic.
The more severe degrees of intravascular agglutination have been exhibited only in animals during controlled experiments and in persons who were sufficiently ill to have placed themselves under the care of physicians. No severely ill person has yet been seen who did not have intravascular agglutination of the blood and visibly pathologic vessel walls.'
There are several more pages but the preceding covers the most important part. To summarise, they found in ill people and animals that the blood was thick, flowed slowly, and seeped through the vessel walls. None of these conditions ocurred in healthy people.
Hygienists from the earliest writers to the present ones have maintained that this sludging, or thickening, does occur in the blood. So all these investigations merely corroborate and prove what Hygienists have taught for more than a century. Despite all this knowledge now in the hands of the medical profession, it is of little value to them, because they do not know the cause of these abnormal conditions.
Natural Hygienists know the cause and they also know how to remove it. Fasting will enable the body to rid itself of toxins and hygienic living will prevent their recurrence.
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